Theory and Practice of Federalism after 18th Amendment: A Case Study of Education Sector Governance in KP


  • Noreen Parvez
  • Prof. Dr. Abdul Rauf
  • Dr. Jalal Faiz


Federalism, 18th Amendment, Governance, Secondary Education, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.


One of the common reservation against the 18th amendment, when it was in the offing, was the
problem of capacity of the provinces particularly the small provinces to handle the concurrent
subjects supposed to be transferred to the federating unites. The parliament finally trusted the
provinces in April 2010 and stepped forward for strong federation. The issue of capability, policy
formulation and administration, service distribution and human fitness in education sector is
addressed in this paper. It is evaluated that how far the transfer of policy formation and
administration to provinces created the financial, capacity and consistency issues in educational
policy making and curriculum development at elementary and secondary level. It is believed that
no such problem challenged the provincial administration in policy making and implementation
on one hand and the Elementary and Secondary Education Department is busy in carrying out
the universal enrollment policy without any directive from the federal government in Khyber
Pakhtunkhwa (KP). Problems related to the curriculum development remained the same as
observed in the pre-18th amendment period. The work opens new ways for further research on
provincial autonomy and substantiate to build trust upon the provinces’ capacity to cope with
challenges arise in the post 2010. While conducting this qualitative study, the post 18th
amendment period news appeared in media were scrutinized, official documents were accessed
through formal procedures and clarification were sought from the concerned officials after
conducting extensive interviews. After analysis of data and finding a set of recommendations for
a reformed education governance in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, is followed in the paper.