Intertwining Role of Work Motivation, Organizational Rewards and Employee Engagement: A Study on the Higher Education Sector of Pakistan


  • Hina Mubeen Assistant Professor, Economics & Management Science Department, NED University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi
  • Sadaf Alam Assistant Professor, Bahria University, Islamabad


Work motivation, Employee engagement, Organizational rewards, Intrinsic rewards, Extrinsic rewards


Fundamentally, rewards are motivational tools essentially required to retain the workforce as well as to effectively involve them in their work roles. There is a dearth of empirical studies on investigating the impact intrinsic and extrinsic rewards on employee engagement. Available studies on this topic are mostly from the western perspective. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to analyze the impact of tangible and intangible rewards on employee engagement of teachers in HEC recognized Higher Education Institutions of Pakistan. It is a quantitative and causal research. It is a cross-sectional study data was collected only at one point in time. Population of the study included faculty of HEC recognized universities of Sindh. The sample size was 384 with 95% confidence interval (Zikmund, 2013). Data was collected through 5-point Likert Scale Questionnaire. Results indicate positive relationship between tangible rewards & intangible rewards and employee engagement. Additionally, intangible rewards tend to have a stronger relationship with employee engagement as compared to tangible rewards. Tangible and intangible rewards collectively explain fifty percent variation in the dependent variable which is employee engagement.